Milk allergy is often seen during the first year. The digestive system of the baby may not fully develop during this period.
The symptoms of milk allergy may be experienced few minutes or hours after the consumption of milk and dairy products. The severe allergy symptoms usually occur after half an hour or one hour. Most common symptoms include redness, rash, discomfort in stomach and intestines, vomiting and diarrhea. Also, blood in the stool is a rare symptom.
Milk allergy can lead to nasal obstruction, wheezing, difficulty in breathing, coughing in some babies. There may be swelling, itching and rash around the mouth and eczema may occur after the consumption of cow milk or dairy products. You should consult your pediatrician immediately in case you are suspicious of milk allergy. You should visit emergency service immediately in case there will be cyanosis, paleness in the skin, fatigue, and rashes in the body after the consumption of milk and dairy products.
If the baby is fed with breastfeeding and has cow milk allergy, then the mother should stop consuming milk and dairy products. If the baby is fed with baby formula but not with breastfeeding, then you should use the baby formula that is recommended by the pediatrician. If allergy symptoms are experienced during the supplementary food period, then milk and dairy products should not be given during this period and you should check whether there is any improvement in the symptoms. You should check whether the symptoms will come back in the following period by providing a low amount of milk and dairy products. Children who are older than one year old and have milk allergy should avoid consuming foods and beverages that contain milk such as ice cream, cheese, and yogurt. You can try soy milk, however, your baby may have an allergy to soy milk as well. You should pay attention to this. Again, you should use the medicines prescribed by the pediatrician.
The most important part of this treatment is stopping the consumption of milk and dairy products. In general, this allergy may continue to exist until the age of two or five. Newly born babies should be fed with breastfeeding for at least 4 months (6 months is the ideal). New supplementary food should be introduced gradually and given at the intervals of two weeks when transiting to supplementary food.